Module 4: Trade Facilitation and Supply Chain Security


Time means money and the efficiency of customs clearance is of paramount importance to both economic operators and customs authorities. Trade facilitation can lead to great savings for traders and increased trade flows for governments, thereby raising the standard of living for their people. At the same time, there is a need to secure supply chains especially in view of the threats from terrorism and organised crime. This module explains how customs administrations and companies can utilise risk management in order to prevent criminal acts throughout the whole supply chain. It provides an overview and comparison of the various unilateral supply chain security regimes that proliferated in the aftermath of 9/11 and isolates common features in the interests of mutual recognition.


Trade Facilitation

  • Concept and methods of trade facilitation
  • Analysis of related concepts (e.g. paperless environment, risk management)
  • Collection of quality information and evaluating risk

Supply Chain Security

  • Definition of the supply chain, stakeholders and liability issues in the event of transportation security incidents 
  • Overview of unilateral security programmes
  • Information collection, evaluation and assessment of risk

Discussion topics

  • Examining the assessment of risk: science-based approach vs. the precautionary principle
  • Balancing supply chain security and trade facilitation 
  • How cooperation with the private sector can ensure effective security
  • How AEO programmes can provide real benefits to economic operators

Learning outcomes

Participants will be able to:

  • understand the conditions for trade facilitation and influences on it
  • apply risk management techniques in different contexts
  • identify common features of supply chain security programmes
  • recognize the direct and indirect benefits of AEO status